If you own more than 2 percent of an S corporation, you have to do three things to claim a deduction for your health insurance.
Three things you must do
1. You must get the cost of the insurance on the S corporation’s books.
2. Your S corporation must include the health insurance premiums on your W-2 form.
3. You must (if eligible) claim the health insurance deduction as an above-the-line deduction on Form 1040.
The three-step health-insurance procedure also applies under attribution rules (and this could be a surprise) to your spouse, children, grandchildren, and parents if they work for your S corporation, even if they don’t own a single share of S corporation stock directly.
You need to get this S corporation health-insurance thing right. Without the W-2 treatment, the S corporation does not get a tax deduction.
With the correct W-2 treatment, the more than 2 percent shareholder who finds the health insurance premiums on his or her W-2 can claim the self-employed health insurance deduction on Form 1040, provided he or she is not eligible for employer-subsidized health insurance through another job or a spouse’s job.
In conclusion, if you are S corporation owner and your S corporation pays for your health insurance, review box 1 of your W-2 and line 29 on schedule 1 of your form 1040 to make sure you or your accounant is doing it right.
We specialize in helping clients clarify their taxes so they keep more of their money. Many small business owners who come to see us in Fort Worth, TX generally do not understand the tax law enough to explain it to a fifth grader.